The Successful launch
India successfully launched Chandrayaan 2 lunar mission from Sriharikota to explore the unexplored area of the moon that is its shadowy South polar region.
Why Chandrayaan 2 is a unique lunar mission for India?
- Chandrayaan 2 becomes 1st space mission to conduct a soft landing on Moon’s South Polar no country landed on moon’s South polar region earlier
- On soft landing to the moon, India will become the 4th country to soft-land on the moon surface after Russia, the U.S. and China
- Chandrayaan 2 becomes the 1st lunar mission which used homegrown technology. The first lunar mission which is fully indigenous(Made in India). The mission costs around Rs.978 crore.
- For the first time, two women – Ritu Karidhal, the mission director and Muthaya Vanitha, the project director led the interplanetary expedition of the space mission.
- It will be a 384000km long journey to the moon and will take around 45 days to soft-land on the moon surface. ISRO mentioned that lander will touch the moon surface on 6th or 7th September.
The Launcher: India’s most powerful rocket, the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark III used to launch the Chandrayaan 2 mission. Which carries with itself an orbiter, a lander “Vikram” and a rover named “ Pragyaan”
The Orbiter will take lander and rover to the moon’s orbit.
The lander “Vikram” carries a 27kg Moon rover with instruments to analyze the lunar soil.
The rover “Pragyaan” can travel up to a half a kilometer from the lander in its 14 days life span and will send data and images back to Earth for analysis.
Still, Fingers Crossed
Dr. Sivan, Chairperson of ISRO mentioned that 15 minutes time when lander will release from the orbiter and move towards the south pole of the moon is very much crucial because during this 15 minutes there will not be any human control on the spacecraft. And actual landing will happen if all the systems perform as planned.
And there is a long way to go because
Apollo 11 mission which took humans ( Neil Armstrong) to the moon 50 yrs. ago took only 4 days to reach the moon. The reason was its most powerful rocket Saturn V, which had a lift-off mass capacity of 2970 tonnes. While GSLV MKIII is having the lift-off mass capacity of 640 tonnes.